The Ultimate List of eDiscovery Terms – Part 2

TERIS/USA – As promised here is Part 2 of The Ultimate List of eDiscovery Terms. It is a comprehensive guide to help define essential phrases and concepts.

  • Information Governance: The process of managing digital information at an enterprise level while remaining cognizant of regulatory guidelines and e-discovery applications.
  • Keyword: A specific word or phrase used in search efforts to produce relevant results within a data set.
  • Legacy Data: Data was originally created in a file format that is now obsolete.
  • Legal Hold: Requests the preservation of relevant or potentially relevant information, including electronic data, during or in anticipation of litigation.
  • Metadata: Embedded information about ESI that is generally inaccessible to non-technical users. For example, the date, author or origins of a file or document.
  • Native Format: The original format of ESI.
  • Normalization: Converting ESI into a standardized format rather than native format for more streamlined review.
  • OCR: Optical Character Recognition. Converting scanned images of physical pages into searchable electronic text.
  • Predictive Analytics: In e-discovery, the practice of analyzing raw data through a combination of computer and human analysis.
  • Predictive Coding: Categorizing documents through a tagging system across a data set to increase accuracy with repeated analysis.
  • Production: Delivering specific ESI to another party, typically opposing counsel, according to a specific ediscovery request.
  • Redact: The intentional deletion or concealment of data or information that is considered sensitive or confidential in nature.
  • Search: The process of examining a data set according to a specific query or criteria. May be conceptual or keyword-based.
  • Spoliation: The alteration or destruction of relevant evidence, or the failure to preserve relevant evidence when litigation is likely or already underway.
  • Structured Data: Electronically stored information that is maintained in a structured format such as a database.
  • Technology Assisted Review: The use of conceptual search tools to assist in the document review process. Sometimes also computer assisted review.
  • Unstructured Data: Electronically stored information that resides in various unstructured formats, such as word processing documents kept on a hard drive.

If you would like more information about eDiscovery or how TERIS solutions can help you, please contact us!

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